Wednesday, June 10, 2020

Ocean Carriers Essay - 275 Words

Ocean Carriers (Essay Sample) Content: Ocean CarriersStudentà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s NameInstitutional AffiliationOcean CarriersQuestion OneAccording to the given case, a capesize is the largest dry cargo ship. The ships have a cargo carrying capacity that ranges from 80,000 deadweight tons to 210,000 deadweight tons. Moreover, capesize carriers are usually too large to pass through the Panama Canal and hence sail through the Cape Horn to access the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Capesize ships are in most cases used to transport iron ore, coal and other bulk raw materials. Their deep draughts and large dimensions make them suitable for large ports with deep terminals.Question TwoThe daily spot hire rates will increase due to the increased fleet size that is expected to increase to 612. Furthermore, the expected increase in the production of Australian iron ore and exports of Indian ore will increase demand for capsizes and also increase the volume of trade that consequently increase the daily spot rates.Question ThreeT he daily average rates of hire are determined by demand and supply. Supply depends on the number of ships in service in the previous year, added to any new ships delivered minus any ships sunk or scrapp...

Monday, May 25, 2020

Sociological Imagination Summary - 1307 Words

Ans: In the book â€Å"The Sociological Imagination†, the author C. Wright Mills begins by describing the perilous situation of the American man during the 1950s. He describes they situation as one of internment and frailty. Mills sees men as restricted by the routines of their daily lives. They go to their jobs and become workers, they go home and are family men. The American men of the 1950s were in a state of powerlessness due to the effects of World War Two and the looming threat of nuclear warfare between the United States of America and the former Soviet Union. They lived in a world of trepidation and great uncertainty. To help understand the American man situation of the time, Mills suggest they we adopt a â€Å"Sociological†¦show more content†¦Mills argues that a sociological study can serve to demonstrate to the individual how his private life is also constructed by the environment in which he lives and the actual age in which he resides. The study of socio logy can tie the private and the classical by altering private issues into classical issues and the classical into private ones. To explain the kind of job that sociology can do in bridging the private with the classical, the author differentiates between what he calls â€Å"personal troubles and public issues†. Personal troubles according to Mills are what a person senses in his â€Å"Milieu† which is Mills word for instantaneous position in which man maneuvers like the family. He makes it clear that troubles are an intimate element. Issues on the other hand, is part of a greater social construction. Issues according to Mills is a disaster in an organization, and not a disaster in a single person. To further clarify his point, Mills ask us to consider a man and his wife that might be having marital problems. This he says would be a private problem. If on the other hand, half of all marriages ends in divorce then we are dealing with a public problem. Mills believes tha t the same can be said for other issues that looks like personal issues, but turned out to be communal issues such as unemployment. In Chapter 2 entitled â€Å"Grand Theory†, Mills begins by criticizing modern sociology. He believes that GrandShow MoreRelatedThe Promise Of Sociology, By Charles Wright Mills1133 Words   |  5 PagesSociology written by Charles Wright Mills explains that most men are unable to comprehend the effects of cultural and sociological changes that it can have on their lives. Mills introduces a concept that involves sociological imagination. Sociological imagination is the ability to see things socially and how they interact or show expressions to each other. â€Å"The sociological imagination enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for the inner life and theRead MoreThe Sociological Imagination is a book written by C. Wright Mills. In this book Mills coins the1000 Words   |  4 Pages The Sociological Imagination is a book written by C. Wright Mills. In this book Mills coins the phrase sociological imagination and introduces it as being a way of sociologically examining any behavior humans do on a daily basis or any decision that they make throughout the day. Mills defines the sociological imagination as being a sort of combination between biography and history. By this Mills means that when examining a decision through a sociological imaginative perspective you must combineRead MoreCharles Wright Mills s The Sociological Imagination945 Words   |  4 Pagespublished The Sociological Imagination. This work of art is still used by sociologists and taught to many students today. After reading these five pages it gives a whole new meaning to the interactions and behaviors we encounter every single day. It becomes incredibly relevant and advised by Mr. Mills to â€Å"dig deeper† by questioning these scenarios. â€Å"Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both† (Mills, 1959, p. 1). The Sociological imaginationRead MoreMarriage Is A Social Institution1078 Words   |  5 Pagesand parenthood. He also expresses the marriage trend ran down significantly in the United States. This phenomenon as a sociological imagination shows the marriage and divorce now are not only concern a private matter, it starts to translate to a public issue so this essay starts with how marriage concern a social problem. 2nd paragraph: The background of the author the summary of this articles --the background of the author ‘Marriage as a public issue ’ is written by DR. Steven NockRead MoreThe Sociological Imagination By C. Wright Mills986 Words   |  4 PagesMills Chapter Summary â€Å"Yet Men do not usually define the troubles they endure in terms of historical change and institution contradiction.† Stated from chapter one of â€Å"The Classic Readings in Sociology† which was based on â€Å"The Sociology Imagination† by C. Wright Mills. As our Sociology 131 class study the works of C. Wright Mills, we learn and examine his views. We learn how he view other things such as marriage, war, and the limitations of men. His view of war is that both sides playRead Morethe verdict Essay1352 Words   |  6 Pages Sociological Imagination Essay Galen College of Nursing Sociological Imagination Essay In 1959, sociologist, C. Wright Mills, had said that in order to think critically about the world around us, we need to use our sociological imagination in order to see the connections of our personal lives to the larger groups on history (Conley, 2011). Mills states that this is the idea of an individual being able to understand their own life experiences by inserting themselvesRead MoreA Study Of Human Social Relationships And Organisations Essay1691 Words   |  7 Pagesenter the workforce. As regards to my CA brief I will be discussing what sociologh is. Before I will addressing my main topic which is ,I have been asked to look at the early years sector from a socioligal prepesctive and give the view of 3 leading sociological thinkers and to conclude my essay I will discuss brieftly my personal prepective from carring out my research for this topic. The department of Sociology Unc (2016) indicates sociology is the study of human social relationships and organisationsRead MoreColonialism and the Indigenous Australians1151 Words   |  5 Pagesbiomedical and sociological approach and the embedded negative impact of social marginalisation and low socioeconomic status on the health of Indigenous Australians. The essay will first explore the significance of Indigenous infant mortality and a biomedical approach to the issue. Contrasts between biomedical and sociological approach will then be examined and demonstrated through the investigation of sociological concepts of social marginalisation and socioeconomic status. Lastly, the sociological knowledgeRead More1.Briefly Describe Your Favorite Character From Literature,1859 Words   |  8 Pages1. Briefly describe your favorite character from literature, television, or film. Using your sociological imagination, explain some of the problems that character had/has from a sociological p erspective. Be sure that you clearly define and identify the sociological perspective and the sociological imagination. Be careful not to give a detailed summary of the character – stick to the sociology! The New View about The Jungle Book of 2016 Scientists believe that every child is born as a blank sheetRead MoreHlsc1201844 Words   |  8 Pages1 2/17/2016 Topics for Today †¢ A  sociological  approach  and  the  sociological  imagination †¢ Biomedical  model †¢ Globalisation  and  health After this session you will be able to..... ïÆ' ¼ Explain  basic  features  of  a  sociological  approach  to  health  and   illness ïÆ' ¼ Describe  the  key  characteristics  of  the  biomedical  model ïÆ' ¼ Define  some  of  the  key  concepts  that  inform  a  sociological   approach  to  health  and  illness ïÆ' ¼ Consider  the  value  of  a  sociological  approach  to  health  and   illness  for  health  workers

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Analysis Of The Book Syracuse Cultural Workers By...

In the catalog, Syracuse Cultural Workers, a man named Randolf Smallwood created a political postcard that could be seen as controversial. This postcard is meant to appeal to people with a critical respective and it shows what their thoughts are about Conservatives. The artist uses bumper stickers to portray the harsh truth what Conservatives support and what they believe in. Political parties often do not agree on each other’s views and this post card is an example of how they may bash each other to show the points they disagree with. Using a bumper sticker was an interesting approach because many people have them on their cars to show what candidate or party their supportive of, but these parodies of bumper stickers reveal more than what they normally say. Everything on this postcard is placed strategically and meant to portray a certain message. This postcard’s main image shows a blue truck with many colorful bumper stickers on the back of it. It is meant to represe nt the â€Å"truthful† way that Conservatives think and what they believe in. We do not see the owner or driver of the truck in the picture, but we can assume that he is a middle class, white male who supports rich and powerful people. He does not drive a fancy, expensive car, but he then has a bumper sticker that says â€Å"SAVE OUR BILLIONAIRES†. He may be in support of the conservatives because he hopes that one day he will become rich and powerful himself. The postcard shows a medium shot of the car so it is

Friday, May 15, 2020

Distinction Between Feeling Sad and Being Depressed - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 1973 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/04/15 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Tags: Depression Essay Did you like this example? Us of this paper will be on clarifying the distinction between feeling sad and being depressed as well as will demonstrate the ways in which having depression is a barrier to effective verbal and nonverbal communication specifically in married couples. Dysfunctional communication such as lack of nonverbal immediacy cues, negative word choice, inappropriate self-disclosure, and demand-withdraw style due to depression damages marital couples relationships due to rejection from their spouse and contributes to overall marital dissatisfaction.First off, it is important to distinguish from being sad and having depression as depression has more significant and detrimental effects on communication between married couples. Sadness is a negative emotion experienced with the loss of a person, goal, or sense of control (Shirai Suzuki, 2017). Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Distinction Between Feeling Sad and Being Depressed" essay for you Create order Sadness is a feeling of loss or failure but it is a temporary feeling that almost all people will experience in their lives. Although depression includes feelings of sadness it involves mixed emotions and is an illness defined as having at least five symptoms being frequently present during a two week period such as decreased pleasure or interest in activities one used to enjoy, reduced self-care, weight loss or gain, sleeping more or less than usual, fatigue, slower motor processes, and restlessness or edginess (Durbin 2014). Depression is longer lasting in comparison to sadness where it can last from weeks, months, or years while sadness is often experienced for only minutes (Durbin 2014). Overall, sadness is a short-lived temporary emotion where depression is an enduring disorder that significantly affects how one engages with others.Theorists such as Peter Lewinsohn and J.C Coyne have developed theories on the effects of depression on communication. Lewinsohns behavioral theory of depression explains that those with depression suffer from social skill deficits in comparison to those that are non-depres sed (Segrin 1990). Social or interpersonal skills are essential to effective communication therefore those who suffer from depression use ineffective communication styles resulting in lack of positive reinforcement from others (Segrin 1990). The social skill deficit contributes to receiving negative messages from others making it difficult to establish and maintain close relationships overall leading to feelings of worthlessness associated with depression (Segrin 1990). Lewinsohn conveys how poor social skills can lead to depression as well as depression can contribute to poor social skills such as slower speech, no variation in vocal pitch, using less nonverbal gestures, and having more pauses or silences during conversations (Segrin 1990). Additionally, Coynes Interactional Theory of Depression argues that people will try to help someone with depression but often the depressed person will ignore their attempts which can frustrate the non-depressed person and cause them to provide non-genuine reassurance ultimately reinforcing the depressed persons dysfunctional communication style (Marcus Nardone, 1992). The non-depressed person will then take on the depressed persons negative feelings resulting in them rejecting the person with depression to avoid such uncomfortable feelings (Segrin Dillard, 1992). This theory explains that depression is maintained through the depressed persons inappropriate communication style with their interaction partner causing their partner to take on those negative feelings. The non-depressed person then rejects the depressed person to avoid negative emotional contagion resulting in the interpersonal rejection the depressed person initially perceived (Marcus Nardone, 1992). These theories emphasize the connection between depression and ineffective communication style or lack of social skills that directly affect the depressed persons interpersonal relationships with others. Relevant research about depression and communication reveals its significant destructive effects on intimate relationships specifically married couples. As previously highlighted, depression affects nonverbal and verbal communication style in numerous ways which then affects relationship satisfaction as communication is central to our interpersonal connections. Important indicators o f depression are expressed through distinct lack of nonverbal skills or exaggerated nonverbal expression (Ellgring 2008). Research finds that those with depression smile less, avoid eye contact, speak slow, hesitate before speaking, and often have limp body posture (Ellgring 2008). People with depression frequently take pauses and hesitations highlighting their reduced speech productivity which makes it difficult for the interaction partner to remain focused on their interaction. These nonverbal cues communicate sadness and make it difficult for the other person to respond. Immediacy cues are vital to conveying focus and interest in what the other person has to say as well as convey communication competence. Lack of nonverbal expression during interactions specifically with your spouse conveys disinterest, boredom and disregard for what they have to say. Ones spouse is someone assumed to be someone one enjoys talking to, respects, and deeply cares about therefore receiving nonverbal messages of disinterest and detachment can damage their intimate relationship. This is consistent with Lewinsohns theory as the lack of nonverbal cues when communicating with ones partner contributes to lack of positive reinforcement from the receiver due to receiving messages perce ived as emotionless. Receiving these messages of disinterest strain the romantic relationship as attention and genuine concern in what the spouse expresses is appropriate, normal, and essential to maintaining their intimate bond. Depression also negatively affects verbal communication with others ultimately damaging romantic relationships as a result of constant contagious pessimism. Research finds common linguistic patterns those with depression tend to use such as using more negatively valenced words like gloom or sad and fewer positively valenced words like joy or best when interacting with someone compared to non-depressed individuals (Newell, McCoy, Newman, Wellman, Gardner, 2017). Research also finds that depressed individuals use more first person singular pronouns compared to non-depressed people highlighting their negative self-focus and depressed affect (Newell et al., 2017). These findings convey that people with depression tend to communicate their depression through their negative word choice which then affects those they interact with especially their spouse who they frequently interact with. The negatively valenced words affect their spouse causing them to avoid or distance themselves to prevent also feeling sad and hopeless ultimately damaging their relationship. Research supports that romantic partners such as a spouse report increased susceptib ility to depressed moods which then leads to avoidance to prevent the uncomfortable depressed moods (Sharabi, Delaney, Knobloch, 2015). Avoidance and distance from a spouse is difficult as it further contributes to feelings of worthlessness as well as strains their intimate bond. As a result marital couples resent interacting with one another instead of admiring and enjoying each others company. In addition to more negative word choice and first-person singular pronouns, studies show that those with depression engage in more inappropriate self-disclosure topics that cause their partner to see their interaction as non-normative which ultimately leads to negative reactions (McCann LaLonde, 1993). A non-depressed person is aware of appropriate communication styles dependent on the context and relationship with their interaction partner but those with depression see inappropriate styles as appropriate causing overall uncomfortable and confusing interactions. This is especially detrimental when the interaction partner is your spouse as you expect effortless interactions with them due to your close bond and interdependence but are instead experiencing difficult and distressing conversations. Distance ultimately prevents romantic partners from having meaningful and intimate experiences together. Depression contributes to negative expression that drives loved ones away and destroys close relationships because it is unpleasant to be around constant negativity. This directly relates to Coynes interactional theory of depression that explains the depressed persons constant negativity creates rejection from their partner further perpetuating the cycle of depression (Sharabi et al., 2015). It also highlights the interpersonal aspect of depression as it has significant effects on intimate relationships (Sharabi et al., 2015). Depression causes pessimistic and inappropriate disclosure that causes avoidance in marriages resulting in dissatisfied couples.Equally important, dysfunctional communication styles such as demand-withdraw and self-silencing are associated with those who suffer from depression (Uebelacker, Courtnage, Whisman, 2003). More specifically, wife-demand and husband-withdraw interactions occur where the wife demands to engage and the husband withdraws due to wrong timing or improper setting causing conflict and messages of rejection to the wife that she already constantly receives due to her depressive illness (Uebelacker et al., 2003). This communication style is ineffective as it causes conflict to occur between the couple and results in overall reciprocated negativity. Consequently, studies have shown that this can cause the wife to self-silence or refrain from voicing her thoughts to avoid damaging interactions with her spouse (Uebelacker et al., 2003). Wife-Demand husband-withdraw communication styles that lead to self-silencing are detrimental to the marital couple as it results in disengagement that contributes to marital frustration and resentment. Communication is necessary in intimate relationships however depression influences these harmful communication styles that damage these romantic bonds. The wife being demanding of the husband is her way of expressing her desire for intimacy however her depression affects her ability to appropriately and competently communicate due to constant pessimistic rumination (Holley, Haase, Chui, Bloch, 2017). Depression involves the inability to regulate negative emotions influencing these destructive demand-withdraw behaviors (Holley et al., 2017). Wife-demand husband-withdraw interactions that lead to the wife self-silencing is problematic as it causes rejection, isolation, and increases depressed feelings. This is important as this may cause the marital couple to become unable to manage th eir romantic relationship which can unfortunately result in divorce. These poor and ineffective communication styles caused by depression also maintain depression, hinder well-being in both romantic partners, and contribute to overall marital dissatisfaction. Despite the significant impact depression has on communication styles that deteriorate marital couples there are suggestions to help couples that suffer from depression. One recommendation is to increase self-resilience that demonstrate ones ability to rise above difficult situations (Edward 2005). Resilience increases ones ability to adapt to their environment, develop positive self-perceptions, and create an optimistic perspective (Edward 2005). Resilience can help buffer the negative communication styles associated with depression by helping the depressed individual develop a sense of hope that things will get better. Research also reveals that more understanding, compassion, and emotional support from social networks and ones spouse helps eliminate destructive engagement (Pauley Hesse, 2009). Having a supportive and empathetic spouse can help encourage positive affect that can improve their romantic relationship as well as promote engagement rather than avoidance. Another resource to help depressed individuals is positive psychology that helps reduce negative rumination by replacing it with positive thoughts that enhance mindset and well-being ( Donaldson, Csikszentmihalyi, Nakamura, 2011). Increasing optimism can increase self-esteem buffering depressive symptoms that lead to ineffective communication styles. Those with depression do not need to let their illness consume their daily life and should increase resilience, seek social support, and increase positive thoughts to prevent destructive communication styles that ruin their intimate relationships. These resources as well as traditional marital therapy or counseling can help save marriages and prevent divorce by improving marital communication which then can improve marital satisfaction.Depression not only affects the person suffering from the illness but negatively affects their communication styles in detrimental ways that impact marital couples intimate bond and relationship satisfaction. Depression impacts the marriage by consisting of constant negativity, lack of immediacy, diminished speech productivity, inappropriate self-disclosure, unproductive demand-withdraw styles, and avoidance that contribute to lack of intimacy as well as marital dissatisfaction. Depression significantly impacts marital communication styles that cause conflict, stress, and severely influence ones overall health and well-being. Extreme cases of depression within married couples result in isolation, divorce, and suicide due to messages of rejection and worthlessness. While current research reveals the effects of depression on communication and marital relationships, most focus on heterosexual couples. Future research should include how depression affects communication differently with same sex couples and should also explore interracial couples as culture influences expression. It is also important to consider the effects of depression on marital couples with children and the effects on the childrens communication styles, relationships, and well-being. Depression is an illness that consumes ones daily lives and intimate relationships but it is important to be aware that there are resources to help. Being aware that depression affects verbal and nonverbal commun ication matters because the sooner it is detected the sooner resources and social support networks can be sought out to help buffer depression from damaging marriages and intimate relationships.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hamlet Theme Of Death - 1278 Words

Beyond the Wall of Death (A analysis of the theme of death in Hamlet, Acts 3-5) â€Å"The undiscovered country, from whose bourn No traveller returns, puzzles the will,† (Shakespeare 144 Act 3 scene 1 lines 86-87). The question that still plagues humanity today. What is after death, where do we go? No one of this earth can answer this question. In the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the theme of death is one of the main themes of this famous play. The theme of death continues throughout the entire play from the beginning of the first act to the end of the fifth act. Hamlet is about a young prince named Hamlet who has recently lost his father, the late King Hamlet. As a result, Prince Hamlet falls into a deep depression after losing his†¦show more content†¦Shakespeare expresses that no matter your status death comes to all people. Maggots don’t care if you are a king or if you are a peasant. Likewise, maggots don’t care if you are famous, rich or you are poor, and nobody. Maggots devour everybody’s bodies the same way. Also, death brings about the circle of life. Humans fatten many creatures, to consume, to sustain their life, such as cows and chickens. However, most people don’t realize that we are fattened to feed worms and maggots. Shakespeare also mentions that a worm is used by a peasant to catch a fish to sustain the peasants hunger, and the worm has fattened itself from a king prior to being used by the peasant. Thus, saying that the peasant fed off a king. Once again, expressing that death is the great equalizer. To further emphasize this conclusion, â€Å"When death conquers life, it seems that there is a long distance between the deadman and his past life† (Ahmadi Tayari). It’s evident that the case is made that death does not care about social status or wealth. Death will take all in the end, for all the money in the world can’t stop, or prolong the inevitable. In Hamlet Acts 3-5 death makes a full circle, after an individual murders another human being death will come in full circle, ending with the murderer s’ own demise. As declared by Hamlet after slaughtering Polonius in Act 3 scene 4, â€Å"Who was in life a foolish prating knave. Come, sir, to draw toward an end with you† (Shakespeare 204 lines 233-234).Show MoreRelatedThe Theme Of Death And Death In Shakespeares Hamlet862 Words   |  4 Pages In Hamlet, Shakespeare depicts the diffusion side of the problematic part in the life of the hero who recoils and leads to his death. The use of death in storytelling offers many pathways to character development and can also carry the theme of the story. Many stories can also be centered around death. In the story of Hamlet, the story begins with the young prince depressed about the death of his father. Prince Hamlet was ordinary boy just like any other. He was a smart and clever young manRead MoreTheme Of Death In Hamlet969 Words   |  4 PagesShakespeares’ â€Å"Hamlet† tells the story of a great tragedy in which death is the permeating idea and connective thread. Through the experiences of Hamlet, Shakespeare is able to explore the complexities of life and death. Following the murder of his father, Hamlet seeks to avenge his death in the process of defining the meaning of his own life within himself. In the process of reaching complete madness, Hamlet both contemplates his own death, experiences the death of those closest to him, and causes death. FromRead MoreThe Theme Of Death In Hamlet By William Shakespeare925 Words   |  4 PagesDeath can be defined as; the permanent and irreversible cessation of the vital functions that result in the end of one’s life. Death itself can have many different causes such as disease, old age or even something as grue some as murder. In the Elizabethan era, it seems as though murder was commonly used to solve problems as in several of William Shakespeares plays, characters are killed so that more dominant characters can obtain what they truly desire. In William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet deathRead MoreDeath theme In the play Hamlet by Shakespeare1418 Words   |  6 PagesDeath has always been the most debated subject regarding humans belief. It is part of life, yet a mystery nobody has experienced to tell. It is said to drive peoples actions, however Death is still a mystery as the whole human race still wonders how it acts on peoples lives and what is next after Death. In the play Hamlet, Shakespeare uses the theme of Death to drive the characters actions, and portrays the tragedy through their dialogues and significant symbols to create a tragic atmosphere. Read MoreEssay about The Theme of Death in William Shakespeares Hamlet944 Words   |  4 PagesThe Theme of Death in William Shakespeares Hamlet In the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the protagonist, Hamlet is obsessed with the idea of death, and during the course of the play he contemplates death from numerous perspectives. He ponders the physical aspects of death, as seen with Yorickss skull, his fathers ghost, as well as the dead bodies in the cemetery. Hamlet also contemplates the spiritual aspects of the afterlife with his various soliloquies. Emotionally Hamlet isRead MoreAct 3 Scene 1 Of William Shakespeare s Hamlet Essay947 Words   |  4 Pagesscene 1 of William Shakespeare â€Å"Hamlet† the main protagonist, Hamlet, recites a soliloquy â€Å"To be, or not to be.† Throughout his lines Hamlet explains the concept of suicide and why people choose to live long lives instead of ending their suffering. The main point he speaks on is the mystery of one’s afterlife, they never know for sure what happens when they die. For this reason, his speech does a good job highlighting the plays underl ying themes of pervasiveness of death, and tragic dilemma, and tragicRead MoreSymbolism And Theme Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1341 Words   |  6 PagesHamlet s Symbolism and Theme The play Hamlet by William Shakespeare absolutely contains plenty of symbolism and themes. The play Hamlet properly utilizes symbolism and themes of tragedy and betrayal throughout the play to set the main theme known as death. The connection of the elements of themes and symbolism truly help capture the essence of the play. Hamlet is truly enriched with important characters that somehow also include symbolism and importance in their role in the play. The play integratedRead MoreHamlet, By William Shakespeare996 Words   |  4 PagesHamlet, written by William Shakespeare, with out a doubt holds the most famous soliloquy in English history spoken by Hamlet in Act III, scene i, lines 57-90. This soliloquy holds much importance to the play as a whole because it ties together the reoccurring themes of suicide and Hamlet’s inaction portrayed by Shakespeare. Hamlet poses a problem, which is the driving force of the play: â€Å"To be or not to be?†(III.i.57). Shakespeare uses this logical question asked by Hamlet to drive out his underlyingRead MoreThe Ghost of King Hamlet661 Words   |  3 PagesIn the play Hamlet, the deceased King Hamlet comes back as a ghost to tell his son the truth about the events surrounding his death. He then proceeds to ask Hamlet to get revenge for his death. In Hamlet, the king is a character who appears briefly throughout the play; however, his character serves to further the action and theme of the play and the development of his sons character. The King serves to further the plays actions by asking his son to get revenge for his unjust death. He tells HamletRead MoreRosencrantz And Guildenstern Are Dead And Hamlet Analysis1294 Words   |  6 Pagesplaywrights during their respective centuries they lived in. Shakespeare’s publication of Hamlet became a very popular play to read and watch. In Hamlet, the main character, Prince Hamlet, is in a great dilemma. His father is killed by his uncle Claudius, so then Claudius is able to take the throne and become the King of Denmark. Hamlet finds this out from the ghost, and Hamlet is not sure how to avenge his father’s death or whether he should even attempt to. In Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, the

The Communist Manifesto And Walden - 1700 Words

In the publications The Communist Manifesto and Walden, Karl Mark and Henry David Thoreau express the prevailing issues of a flawed functioning society. Marx conveys the economic instability of his imperfect civilization, while Thoreau states the materialistic difficulties that prevail in his. Both authors portray a goal to pursue harmony throughout their societies but differentiate in their ways of achieving such freedom. Throughout The Communist Manifesto, Marx expresses the political, economic and social turmoil that were present in their society. During this time period, agriculture production was the main occupation. This resulted in a class struggle between the landowners and the serfs who labored the land. A new, manufacturing class emerged from this conflict called the bourgeoisie. Bourgeoisie changed the focus from agriculture to industrialization and commerce. Having â€Å"less dexterity and strength [that] is required in manual labor, [helps] modern industry developâ €  and prosper throughout society (Marx 131). This more proficient way to produce commodities helped the bourgeoisie control global and domestic trade. They eventually reached a point where they were inhibited by the feudal government and could not progress at the original rate they were going. Resulting from this, the French Revolution occurred and the bourgeoisie demolished the aristocracy that was originally present during this primitive time. Unfortunately, this did not resolve the primaryShow MoreRelatedThe Communist Manifesto, By Karl Marx And Thoreau1443 Words   |  6 Pageslate 1840’s and 1850’s industrial revolution and the growth of markets led to a clear distinction between the working class and the class of owners. People are working harder to live a luxurious life. During this time the Communist Manifesto (1848) by Karl Marx (1818- 1883) and Walden (1854) by Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862) were published. Both Marx and Thoreau were after end ing slavery. Marx was after ending slavery among the class struggles, while Thoreau was after ending slavery from your selfRead More Positive Change In World Through Manipulation of Behavior in B.F Skinners Waldo Two812 Words   |  4 PagesPositive Change In World Through Manipulation of Behavior in B.F Skinners Waldo Two   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  B.F. Skinner, in his novel Walden Two, presents many arguments about how he foresees a positive change in the world through manipulation of behavior on the personal level. Sigmund Freud, in his works, specifically Civilization and Its Discontents, presents his view of human nature and what is innately problematic about it. Both Freud and Skinner agree that human behavior is the result of outside factors

Matemetics in India Past Present and Future free essay sample

Particularly, Madhava of Sangamagrama, around the end of Fourteenth century, seems to have blazed a pathway in the research of a particular division of mathematics that goes by the name of research these days. He enunciated the unlimited series for pi/4 (the so-called Gregory-Leibniz series) and other trigonometric features. The series for pi/4 being an extremely gradually converging series, Madhava had also given several fast convergent estimates to it. Interesting evidence of these outcomes are offered in the popular Malayalam written text Ganita-Yuktibhasa (c. 530) of Jyesthadeva as well as in the performs of Sankara Variyar, who was a modern of Jyesthadeva. Though Madhavas performs containing these series are not extant these days, by way of the numerous information that are to be found in the later performs, we come to know that it was Madhava who was accountable for the efflorescence of the universe of amazing astronomers and specialised mathematicians that the Kerala Instituti on was to produce over the next three more than 100 years. The performs of the later astronomers and specialised mathematicians of the Madhava school contain several exciting outcomes which contain the combination of inverse trigonometric features as well as the rate of two trigonometric features. There is a notion that mathematics in Indian has just been a handmaiden to astronomy which will has been a handmaiden used in restoring the appropriate periods of spiritual rituals. Though it had its moderate starting that way, if the objective of mathematics is not enhanced to contain actual perceptive enjoyment, it may be challenging to describe as to why Nilakantha cogitated on the irrationality of pi a wonderful conversation of which is to be found in his Aryabhatiya-bhasya and Madhava progressed stylish techniques to acquire the value of pi appropriate to almost 14 decimal locations. It is quite exciting to observe that almost all these conclusions are succinctly known as by means of metrical agreements in Sanskrit. To the existing day audience, having got so much acquainted to the use of symptoms, it may be rather challenging to think about a recursion regards, or an unlimited series, or the combination of a operate being indicated by means of terse in comparison to. But amazingly, that is how it has been offered to us at least from enough duration of Aryabhata (5th dollar. ) until overdue 1800s. It is truly amazing that all the different offices of mathematics in Indian, such as the innovative infinitesimal calculus, have been developed cleverly without `formal observe in a absolutely natural way! Indian mathematics showed up in the Native indian subcontinent[1] from 1200 BC [2] until the end of the 1700s. In the traditional interval of Native indian mathematics (400 AD to 1200 AD), essential efforts were developed by college learners like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara II. The decimal variety program in use today[3] was first registered in Native indian mathematics. 4] Native indian specialised mathematicians developed starting efforts to the research of the idea of zero as a variety,[5] adverse results,[6] arithmetic, and geometry. [7] Moreover, trigonometry[8] was further innovative in Indian, and, in particular, the modern descriptions of sine and cosine were developed there. [9] These statistical principles were passed on to the Center Eastern, China suppliers, an d Europe[7] and led to further improvements that now type the fundamentals of many places of mathematics. Ancient and ancient Native indian statistical performs, all composed in Sanskrit, usually contains a area of sutras in which a set of guidelines or issues were described with excellent economic climate in variety to be able to aid storage by a pupil. This was followed by a second area made up of a composing reviews (sometimes several commentaries by different scholars) that described the problem in more information and offered justified reason for the remedy. In the composing area, the type (and therefore its memorization) was not regarded so essential as the principles engaged. [1][10] All statistical performs were by mouth passed on until roughly 500 BCE; thereafter, they were passed on both by mouth and in manuscript type. The most ancient extant statistical papers developed on the Native indian subcontinent is the birch debris Bakhshali Manuscript, found in 1881 in the town of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE. The program is precise up to five decimal locations, the true value being [30] This program is identical in framework to the program found on a Mesopotamian tablet[31] from the Old Babylonian interval (1900–1600 BCE): which conveys in the sexagesimal program, and which too is precise up to 5 decimal locations (after rounding). According to math wizzard S. G. Dani, the Babylonian cuneiform product Plimpton 322 published ca. 1850 BCE[32] contains twelve to fifteen Pythagorean triples with quite huge records, such as (13500, 12709, 18541) which is a basic multiple,[33] showing, in particular, that there was innovative knowing on the topic in Mesopotamia in 1850 BCE. Since these pills predate the Sulbasutras interval by several more than 100 years, considering the contextual overall look of some of the triples, it is affordable to anticipate that identical knowing would have been there in Indian. [34] Dani goes on to say: As primary of the Sulvasutras was to describe the designs o f altars and the geometric principles engaged in them, the topic of Pythagorean triples, even if it had been well recognized may still not have presented in the Sulvasutras. The event of the triples in the Sulvasutras is much like mathematics that one may experience in an starting publication on structure or another identical used place, and would not match straight to the overall information on the topic then. Since, unfortunately, no other contemporaneous resources have been found it may never be possible to negotiate this problem satisfactorily. [34] In all, three Sulba Sutras were composed. The staying two, the Manava Sulba Sutra composed by Manava (fl. 750–650 BC) and the Apastamba Sulba Sutra, composed by Apastamba (c. 600 BC), included outcomes just like the Baudhayana Sulba Sutra. Vyakarana An essential milestone of the Vedic interval was the execute of Sanskrit grammarian, Pa? ini (c. 520–460 BCE). His sentence framework contains starting use of Boolean reasoning, of the zero owner, and of perspective free grammars, and has a forerunner of the Backus–Naur type (used in the information development languages). [edit]Jain Mathematics (400 BCE – 200 CE) Although Jainism as a belief and viewpoint predates its most popular exponent, Mahavira (6th century BCE), who was a modern of Gautama Buddha, most Jaina written sms messages on statistical subjects were composed after the 6th century BCE. Jaina specialised mathematicians are essential traditionally as essential hyperlinks between the mathematics of the Vedic interval and that of the Classical interval. A considerable traditional participation of Jaina specialised mathematicians lay in their liberating Native indian mathematics from its spiritual and ritualistic restrictions. In particular, their interest with the enumeration of very vast quantities and infinities, led them to categorize results into three classes: enumerable, numerous and unlimited. Not material with a easy idea of infinity, they went on to determine five different kinds of infinity: the unlimited in one path, the unlimited in two guidelines, the unlimited in place, the unlimited everywhere, and the unlimited constantly. Moreover, Jaina specialised mathematicians developed notes for easy abilities (and exponents) of results like pieces and pieces, which permitted them to determine easy algebraic equations (beejganita samikaran). Jaina specialised mathematicians were obviously also the first to use the phrase shunya (literally gap in Sanskrit) to consult zero. More than a century later, their appellation became the English term zero after a tortuous trip of translations and transliterations from Indian to European nations . (See Zero: Etymology. In inclusion to Surya Prajnapti, essential Jaina performs on mathematics engaged the Vaishali Ganit (c. 3rd century BCE); the Sthananga Sutra (fl. 300 BCE – 200 CE); the Anoyogdwar Sutra (fl. 200 BCE – 100 C E); and the Satkhandagama (c. 2nd century CE). Important Jaina specialised mathematicians engaged Bhadrabahu (d. 298 BCE), the writer of two considerable performs, the Bhadrabahavi-Samhita and a reviews on the Surya Prajinapti; Yativrisham Acharya (c. 176 BCE), who published a statistical written text known as Tiloyapannati; and Umasvati (c. 150 BCE), who, although better known for his powerful documents on Jaina viewpoint and metaphysics, composed a statistical execute known as Tattwarthadhigama-Sutra Bhashya. Pingala Among other college learners of this interval who included to mathematics, the most considerable is Pingala (pi? gala) (fl. 300–200 BCE), a musical technology theorist who published the Chhandas Shastra (chanda? -sastra, also Chhandas Sutra chhanda? -sutra), a Sanskrit treatise on prosody. There is evidence that in his execute on the enumeration of syllabic blends, Pingala came upon both the Pascal triangular and Binomial coefficients, although he did not have information of the Binomial theorem itself. [35][36] Pingalas execute also contains the primary principles of Fibonacci results (called maatraameru). Although the Chandah sutra hasnt live through in its whole, a Tenth century reviews on it by Halayudha has. Halayudha, who represents the Pascal triangular as Meru-prastara (literally the stairway to Install Meru), has this to say: Draw a rectangular form. Beginning at 50 percent the rectangular form, sketch two other identical pieces below it; below these two, three other pieces, and so on. The labels should be began by placing 1 in the first rectangular form. Put 1 in each of the two pieces of the second variety. In the third variety put 1 in the two pieces at the stops and, in the center rectangular form, the sum of the numbers in the two pieces relaxing above it. In it all variety put 1 in the two pieces at the stops. In the center ones put the sum of the numbers in the two pieces above each. Continue in this way. Of these collections, the second gives the blends with one syllable, the third the blends with two syllables, [35] The written text also indicates that Pingala was conscious of the combinatorial identity:[36] Katyayana Though not a Jaina math wizzard, Katyayana (c. 3rd century BCE) is considerable for being the last of the Vedic specialised mathematicians. He wrote the Katyayana Sulba Sutra, which offered much geometry, such as the typical Pythagorean theorem and a measurements of the rectangular form primary of 2 appropriate to five decimal locations. Oral tradition Mathematicians of traditional and starting ancient Indian were almost all Sanskrit pandits (pa ta learned man),[37] who were qualified in Sanskrit terminology and fictional works, and owned and operated a typical inventory of information in sentence framework (vyakara? a), exegesis (mima? sa) and reasoning (nyaya). [37] Memorization of what is heard (sruti in Sanskrit) through recitation conducted a big part in the sign of holy written sms messages in traditional Indian. Memorization and recitation was also used to deliver philosophical and fictional performs, as well as treatises on practice and sentence framework. Modern college learners of traditional Indian have mentioned the truly amazing success of the Native indian pandits who have maintained substantially heavy written sms messages by mouth for many years. Styles of memorization